Offences are of three kinds, namely, felonies, misdemeanors, and simple offences.
A felony is any offence which is declared by law to be a felony, or is punishable, without proof of previous conviction, with death or with imprisonment for three years or more.
A misdemeanor is any offence which is declared by law to be a misdemeanor, or is punishable by imprisonment for not less than six months, but less than three years.
All offences, other than felonies and misdemeanors, are simple offences.
Section 3 of the Criminal Code Act in Nigeria